The Peale Center builds on a legacy of art, natural beauty and innovation

A Green Grant from BGE will help the nation’s oldest museum reach out to nature and neighborhoods by adding gardens and greenery to Watchhouse Alley.

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Inspired by the creativity of a 19th Century family, The Peale Center for Baltimore History and Architecture celebrates the stories of Baltimore’s rich past and its people and places today.

Rembrandt Peale was destined to be an artist, as were his siblings, with names like Reubens, Angelica and Titian. In 1914, Rembrandt founded the Peale Museum – the first purpose-built museum in the U.S, which now houses The Peale Center.

The Peale family’s talents weren’t limited to painting. Family members were naturalists, as well as artists. And Rembrandt introduced gas light to Baltimore, manufacturing gas on the museum grounds. This new fuel allowed him to illuminate the building and its artworks – and the lighting itself became an attraction. In 1816, he and his business partners were awarded the contract to provide gas streetlights throughout Baltimore City, making “light city” the first in the U.S. to adopt the new technology. (Today the Baltimore Gas and Light Company Peale founded is called BGE.)

After years of neglect, the building and its history were reclaimed through the establishment of a non-profit. With the exterior of the building now renovated, the Peale is planning to extend its Pollinator Garden (restored thanks to a BGE Green Grant in 2018) to the adjacent “Watchhouse Alley.”

Nancy Proctor, the center’s executive director, said the “greening of Watchhouse Alley” will serve many valuable functions. The alley, which runs on two sides of the museum, is named after a 19th century structure used to watch for fires nearby.

The project will create:

Native wildflowers will attract pollinators and visitors.
  • An engaging space, connecting to the streets beyond. The Peale Center is improving and extending an existing garden by bringing in new plants and trees. It will also add seating to the area. Between a coffee shop planned for the museum and the nearby Ida B’s Table, a highly praised restaurant, Proctor expects the alley to be a destination itself, as well as a gateway to the museum and other neighborhood businesses.
  • An invitation to birds and butterflies. A group of artists first revived the long-neglected garden as part of a 2017 exhibition about the effects of light pollution on birds, supported by a BGE Green Grant. Today, the goal is to extend the pollinator plantings to attract beautiful flying creatures to the neighborhood.
  • A place for stories and exploration. The garden area will be the perfect place to tell stories about Baltimore culture and natural history; about where birds go when they migrate and how we can help bees and butterflies; and about the vibrant community that is Baltimore today. It also will be a place for hands-on learning and workshops.
  • A place for experimentation. Initially, many of the plants and trees will remain in pots. Staff and volunteers will be able to move them around to determine the best permanent locations. They also will monitor which creatures – human and otherwise – visit and enjoy the plantings.
  • A safer place. Vintage-style gates to be locked during the museum’s off-hours will help prevent the accumulation of garbage and vandalism and protect against fires.

BGE has been contributing to the Peale Center annually since 2015, when it donated $225,000 to the building’s capital campaign. In 2019, BGE committed $5,000 for the greening of Watchhouse Alley.

The Peale Center welcomes your support and involvement. Learn how you can volunteer, contribute or get regular updates about the center from the Peale Center for Baltimore History and Architecture website. Please note that the interior of the Peale Center is currently undergoing extensive renovations, necessitating its temporary closure; programming is currently offered out of Baltimore’s Carroll Mansion.


Now in its seventh year, the annual BGE Green Grants program has benefited hundreds of innovative community projects with more than $2 million in charitable giving from BGE. Grants range from $500 to $10,000. Organizations that receive a Green Grant are located in BGE’s geographic service area and use their award for a project that falls into at least one of BGE’s environmental focus areas: conservation, education, energy efficiency, pollution prevention, and community engagement. Prospective grant recipients must be 501(c)(3) non-profits with a board of directors and must meet additional criteria to be eligible.